In the Mie prefecture, the tax is set at 1000 yen/t and this equals the transportation cost of the waste for 20km. Since most companies in the Mie prefecture would have to trave more than 20km to the border to dump avoid the tax, most pay.
10 of the 47 Japanese prefectures have introduced this tax and more are expected to join them.
The tax was introduced in the Mie prefecture (in the middle of the Japanese islands between Nagoya dn Osaka), which has long suffered the inflow of industrial wastes from around it. The diffulty the prefecture had was how to acquire information about the companies which were emitting and diposing of waste in their boundaries, especially those outside the juristication. This problem was solved tih the improved 'Manifest System', which is an information tracking system on the flow of industrial waste. This system tracked from the emitting source to the final disposal site, and has information about the waste's weight, scale, materials, treatment etc.
Morotomi, T., 2003. Environmental Management by Local Environmental Taxes.
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