Road charging scheme (Durham), UK
To reduce congestion on the main shopping area (a narrow street up a hill running through the medieval centre).
Cars that wish to use this street must now pay GB£2 (3 euro). The revenues are used to support a frequent bus service that goes up and down the hill to the city from outlying carparks.
Traffic in the street has fallen 85% and sales in the shops have increased.
Perkins, 2004. Charging for the Use of Roads: Policies and Recent Initiatives. Paper presented at the Fifth Annual Global Conferenc on Environmental Taxation Issues, Experience and Potential. Pavia, Italy, September 2004.