Fuels Tax, Netherlands
- Based on the carbon and energy contents of different fuels with lower rates on or total exemptions of energy-intensive industries.
- Standard rate of VAT at 17.5% with energy generated from renewables exempt from and charge (EEA Draft Report 2000, pp34
Expectations (Ex ante Analysis)
Expected revenue in 1998 HLF 2.1 (Euro 0.96) billion (OECD 1997 cited in Ekins 1999, pp48)
Ekins, P., 1999 ‘European environmental taxes and charges: recent experience, issues and trends,' Ecological Economics 31 (1999) 39-62, pp48 Moret, Ernst &Young 1996, pp47 cited in Environmental Taxes Draft, EEA Report, 2000, pp34
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